Added: Marko Bash - Date: 28.10.2021 04:30 - Views: 24874 - Clicks: 867
Urban governance refers to how government local, regional and national and stakeholders decide how to plan, finance and manage urban areas. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over the allocation of social and material resources and political power. It is, therefore, profoundly political, influenced by the creation and operation of political institutions, government capacity to make and implement decisions and the extent to which these decisions recognise and respond to the interests of the poor.
It encompasses a host of Need some while in town and social forces, institutions and relationships. These include labour markets, goods and services; household, kin and social relationships; and basic infrastructure, land, services and public safety Devas et al. Large gaps often exist between poor and better-off urban residents in terms of access to social, economic and political opportunities particularly decision-making and the ability to participate in, and leverage, the benefits associated with urban living.
Urban governance involves a range of actors and institutions; the relationships among them determine what happens in the city. While city government is the largest and most visible urban governance actor, much of what affects the life chances of the urban poor lies outside the control of city administrations. Instead, it is the market and private businesses, agencies of the central state or the collective voluntary action of civil society that determine the daily experiences of urban dwellers.
See diagram of urban governance actors and institutions in Brown 5 ; adapted from Devas et al. Home » Topic Guide » What is urban governance? Brown, A. Planning for sustainable and inclusive cities in the global south Topic Guide.
Evidence on demand. Devas, N. Urban governance, voice and poverty in the developing world.
London: Earthscan. Slack, E. Comparative urban governance Working paper. London: Foresight, Government Office for Science.
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